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Giovanni Angelillo's U.S. Army Records, 1917-1918

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Soldiers of The Great War

Pennsylvania
Killed in Action
Privates
ANGELILLO, Giovanni, Bristol

Soldiers of the Great War, compiled by W.M. Haulsee, F.G. Howe and A.C. Doyle. Washington, D.C.: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, c1920. Volume 3, page 141, column 2. [Book page image]

Notes: Pennsylvania had 7,898 war dead; they are named on four lists:

  1.  Killed in Action
  2.  Died of Disease
  3.  Died of Wounds
  4.  Died of Accident

There are also photographs in the book of some Pennsylvania war dead, but Giovanni Angelillo's photograph is not there.


Very soon after the war a book was published with a history of the 315th Infantry Regiment (79th Division), in which Giovanni Angelillo served, according to the book, in Company K. It contains many photographs, company rosters, and company photographs:

The Official History of the 315th Infantry U.S.A. Compiled and published by Historical Board of the 315th Infantry: Philadelphia, 1920.

For selections from this book, see The 315th Infantry at the Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the account through 27 September 1918.
  See also this Roster and Group Photograph of Company "K" with a list of war dead. The roster is dated 1 September 1918 but the photograph was taken in April 1919, and so it does not include Giovanni Angelillo.


World War I Selective Service System

REGISTRATION CARD  No. 241

1 Name in full  Giovanni Angelillo  Age, in yrs.
  24
2 Home address
  452 Logan St Bristol Pa
3 Date of birth (Month, Day, Year)
  May 4- 1893
4 Are you (1) a natural born citizen, (2) a naturalized citizen, (3) an alien, (4) or have you declared your Intention (specify which)?
  An Alien
5 Where were you born (Town, State, Nation)?
  S. Angelo  Caserta  Italy
6 If not a citizen, of what country are you a citizen or subject?
  subject of Italy
7 What is your present trade, occupation, or office? 
  Labor
8 By whom employed? Where employed?
  unemployed
9 Have you a father, mother, wife, child under 12, or a sister or brother under 12, solely dependent on you for support (specify which)?
  No
10 Married or single (which)?  Single  Race (specify which)?
  white
11 What military service have you had? (Rank, branch, years, Nation or State)
  None
12 Do you claim exemption from draft (specify grounds)?

  I affirm that I have verified above answers and that they are true.

Giovanni X Angelillo
(Signature or mark)
Roy F. Fry Wit[ness]

If person is of
African descent,
tear off this
corner

[Note: the registrar Russell B. Carty signed Giovanni Angelillo's name for him, and Giovanni's mark was witnessed by Roy F. Fry.]

[Back of card]
REGISTRAR'S REPORT

1 Tall, medium, or short (specify which)?
  Med
  Slender, medium, or stout (specify which)?
  Slender
2 Color of eyes?  Brown
  Color of hair?  Brown
  Bald?  No
3 Has person lost arm, leg, hand, foot, or both eyes, or is he otherwise disabled (specify)?
  None
  I certify that my answers are true, that the person registered has read his own answers, that I have witnessed his signature, and that all of his answers of which I have knowledge are true, except as follows:

Russell B. Carty
(Signature of registrar)

Precinct  5 Ward
City or County  Bristol
State  Pa
Date of registration  June 5- 1917

Source: State of Pennsylvania, County of Bucks, Local Board No. 1 (Code No. 37-8-6.A). Registration took place at the Post Office of Bristol Borough. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509, Roll PA53 | Microfilm image of the registration card for Giovanni Angelillo.


The Three World War One Draft Registrations

"During World War I there were three registrations. The first, on June 5, 1917, was for all men between the ages of 21 and 31. The second, on June 5, 1918, registered those who attained age 21 after June 5, 1917. (A supplemental registration was held on August 24, 1918 for those becoming 21 years old after June 5, 1918....) The third registration was held on September 12, 1918 for men age 18 through 45."

About 24 million men (about 23% of the U.S. population in 1918) registered for the draft. "The Selective Service System ... was responsible for the process of selecting men for induction into the military service, from the initial registration to the actual delivery of men to military training camps." An Act by Congress dated 18 May 1917 had authorized "the President to increase temporarily the military establishment of the United States".

Source: National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509


U.S. Army Transport Service, Passenger List

Headquarters Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey
Passenger List of Organizations and Casuals

Sheet No.: 4
3d. Class
Organization: Company "K" 315th Infantry, National Army
Name of Transport: America
Date of Sailing: JULY 9 1918
Port: Hoboken N.J.

No. [on list]: 72
Name (Family name followed by Christian name and middle initial, same as on service record.): Angelillo Giovanni
Numerical Designation of Enlisted Men: 3114709
Rank: PVT
Organization: 315th Inf
Notify in case of emergency: Angelo Morganti
Relationship: Brother-in-law
Address (Number, Street, City and State.): 452 Logan St, Bristol, PA.

Source: National Archives, Lists of Outgoing Passengers, 1917-1938. N[ational] A[rchives] I[dentifier]: 6234477. Record Group 92. [Passenger list image]


Official Statement of Service

RE: Angelillo, Giovanni
Service Number 3114709
Subject person served in the
  United States Army
from May 25, 1918 to Sept. 27, 1918
Type and character of separation Death
Active service same as above

  The military record needed to answer this inquiry is not in our files.  If the record were here on July 12, 1973, it would have been in the area that suffered the most damage in the fire here on that date and may have been destroyed. There are alternative record sources available:
  but these sources do not contain the particular type of information requested. We regret that we cannot be of assistance in this matter.

[Comments] Rank: Private Co. K/L [Note: the comments are hand written, and either a "K" was written over an "L" or vice versa] 315th Infantry
Date of birth: May 4, 1893

Source: National Personnel Records Center (Military Personnel Records), St. Louis, Missouri 63132. The fire at the Center on 12 July 1973 destroyed almost all the records of First World War soldiers. The above statement, dated 19 September 1995, the reply to a request made 12 months earlier, is all the information the Center supplied about Giovanni Angelillo's service. (N[ational] A[rchives and Records Administration] Form 13041).


Records in the National Archives

Note: this section was corrected and updated in March 2007.

The National Archives in Washington, D.C. has ...

  1. The Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General (Record Group 92) among which is a file describing the initial field burial to final interment of the body of Giovanni Angelillo (These records are arranged alphabetically by last name as "Burial Case Files").
  2. Many files about Gold Star Mothers, that is, mothers of soldiers who were killed in the War.
      [But membership was limited to women who were U.S. citizens, which Giovanni Angelillo's mother was not; she was a citizen of the Kingdom of Italy, as was Giovanni himself at the time of his death. No one named Angelillo is listed under Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in the book Pilgrimage for the Mothers and Widows of Soldiers ....
      [However, the Department of War of the U.S. government did in fact more than once invite Giovanni Angelillo's mother to visit his grave in France at government expense (See notes below).]
  3. The Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (Record Group 120)
  4. The Records of the U.S. Army Mobile Commands (Record Group 391) which "contain operational reports, casualty, and historical files relating to the 315th Infantry Regiment" and may have information about Giovanni Angelillo.

The National Archives, however, wrote to me in 1996 that it does not have the staff to search these records, none of which have been indexed or microfilmed. However, following a second request in 2007, the Archives sent me a copy of Giovanni Angelillo's Burial Case File.

Sources:


Burial Case File

Note: in February 2007 I again wrote to the National Archives, to request a copy of Giovanni Angelillo's Burial Case File, at this address:

Attention: MWCTM
NARA
8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD 20740-6001

Within two weeks I received a copy of the file from the Modern Military Records Unit. It consists of 23 pages, which confirm many of my conjectures and from which I have learned many new things.

The Content of the Burial Case File

Preliminary Summary: Giovanni Angelillo's skull was shattered by an H.E. Shell in Malancourt, France [on the uneventful day of] 27 September 1918.

About Giovanni's youngest sister Elisabetta (1899-1965), about whom I otherwise knew very little at that time, I learned that her married name was JACOVONE.

Elisabetta wrote (or had written for her) a letter, which was a reply to an official letter from the War Department in Washington sent to Box 74, Tullytown, Pennsylvania, on behalf of her mother Maria in circa June 1931; the letter states that Maria had died on 1 October 1930, which I had not known. A reply to an earlier letter from the same department had apparently stated that Mrs. Maria Angelillo was 70 years old and too unwell to travel.

Elisabetta may have been taking responsibility for her mother with respect to her brother Giovanni because by this time her older sister Anna (1894-1935) (see "Mrs. Annie Morganti" below on this page) was already ill.


G.R.S. Form #114-B

To The A.C.O.

DATE:  12/12/21

1. NAME  ANGELILLO, Giovanni
  SERIAL No.  3114709
  RANK  Pvt.
  ORGANIZATION  Co.K. 315th Inf.
  [Stamped] & DIVISION  79
GRAVE LOCATION
  CTY. NAME | NUMBER  Meuse Argonne American, 1232, Romagne/s/Montfaucon, Meuse
  GRAVE  3
  ROW  Sect.36.
  PLOT  1

2. ORIGINAL BATTLE AREA GRAVE LOCATION
  GRAVE  Isolated 3
  COMMUNE | DEPT.  Nantillois (Meuse)
  COORDINATES  35NE,  280.4N,  311.6E

CONCENTRATED TO
  DATE  6/9/19
  GRAVE  3
  ROW  36
  PLOT  1
  CEMETERY  Meuse-Argonne
  CTY. NUMBER  1232

  Data concerning any identification found on remains when concentrated, such as collar insignias, letters, broken bones, missing parts, etc.
  Tag on body.  Collar ornament: " Co. K. 315 Inf. "
[Stamped] DATE OF DEATH  Sept. 27, 1918
[Stamped] STATE FROM WHICH HE CAME  Penna.
[Stamped] MEDALS OR DECORATIONS AWARDED  None of record
SUBSEQUENT REBURIALS

SIGNATURE AREA SUPERVISOR
  M.B. Birdseye
  1st Lt., Q.M. Corps, U.S. Army

3. FINAL GRAVE LOCATION
  DATE  12/12/21
  GRAVE  13
  ROW  32
  [Typed] Block  B
  CEMETERY  Meuse-ArgonneAmer.Cty.#1232- Romagne-sous-Montfaucon (Meuse)

[Stamped] AUDITED BY
  M.J.D - 4/3/23.


90918

GRAVE LOCATION BLANK [1]

•  LOCATION OF THE GRAVE OF
  (Surname).  Angelillo
  (Number).  3114709
  (First Name and Initials).  Giovanni
  (Rank).  Pvt., Co. K
  (Organization).  315th Inf.

PLACE OF DEATH:  Malancourt, France
CAUSE OF DEATH:  H.E. Shell
DATE OF BURIAL:  Not Known
PLACE OF BURIAL:  Not Known
.....
NEAREST RELATIVE:  Not Known
.....

REPORTED BY: (Signature and Rank of Reporting Officer).  WMConoly Copr 315th Inf

This portion to be sent to Chief of Graves Registration Service.


90918

GRAVE LOCATION BLANK [2]

.....
DATE OF BURIAL:  Oct. 5, 1915.
PLACE OF BURIAL: (Give Cemetery, Town and Department). Map reference must specify clearly what map is used.
  Verdun A. 199, M. 23-95
GRAVE NUMBER:  5
HOW MARKED: Name Peg?  Yes.
  Cross?  Headboard?  Bottle?
IDENTIFICATION TAGS:
  Was one buried with body?  Yes.
  Was one fastened to name peg or stake used as a grave marker?  Yes.

[Stamped] [...]MME.  Louppy-sur-Loison (Meuse)
[...]-478)  SHT.  35 N.E.  COORD  E 323  |  N 295

REPORTED BY: (Signature and Rank of Reporting Officer).  Andrew C. Aston
  1st. Lt. & Chaplain.

This portion to be sent to Chief of Graves Registration Service.


Concentration

G.R.S. Form No. 16-A

REPORT OF DISINTERMENT AND REBURIAL

Place  Romagne 1232
Date  Dec 12 1921

1. Remains of  ANGELILLO, Giovanni
Serial Number  3114709
Rank  Pvt
Organization  Co K 315 Inf

2. Disinterred (date):  Dec 12 1921
From (give complete location):  Gr 3 Sec 36 Plot 1
By : Group  3
  Unit  Section 1

3. Reburial (date):  Dec. 12, 1921
In (give complete location):  Meuse-Argonne Cty#1232, Gr. 13, Block B. Row 32.
By : Group  Reburial S
  Unit
  Nature of reburial  Unlined Casket

4. Report as to nature of original burial and condition of body upon disinterment:
Wooden box, burlap uniform
  Body badly decomposed, features not recognizable

5. (a) Identification tags : Buried with body?  Yes  On grave marker?  Yes peg
(b) Other means of identification found upon disinterment, and general remarks:
  Collar ornament Co K 315 Inf.

6. What does examination of body show as regards the following identifying items?
(a) Height (actual measurement)  Impto det  (b) Weight (estimated)  do  (c) Hair - Color  do  Quantity  do  Characteristics  do  (d) Hair on face - Color  do  Location  do  Quantity  do  (e) Permanent marks on body (old scars, peculiarities, or missing parts)  None visible  (f) Wounds or missing parts (received at time of casualty)  Skull shattered, impossible to take tooth chart.

7. Disinterment supervised by   JL Haky
Approved:  HS Harpole  (Title)  1st Lt. QMC
Reburial supervised by  A.U. Dufault
Approved:  James W. Younger  (Title)  Capt. QMC


G.R.S. Form No. #114-A

STATION  Romagne
DATE  Dec 12 1921

REPORT OF DISINTERMENT, PREPARATION, SHIPMENT AND REBURIAL OF BODY

DISINTERMENT
Records of G.R.S. Headquarters
.....

COMPARATIVE REPORT
Discrepancy found upon exhumation of body
.....
14. (b) D.B. None

SHIPMENT.  (Show actual marking of box.)  C-18956.
.....
37. Shipped from point of Operation:  (Date)  Dec 12 1921
To point of Concentration  Morgue Romagne
Convoyer  W J Royed
Signature of Shipping Officer  J. Gerald Cole
  Captain, C.A.C.


COMPILATION OF DISPOSITION OF REMAINS DATA [1]

File #90918

I. LOCATION INDEX CARD:
.....
  (c) Date of death  9-27-18
  (d) Cause of death  K/A

II. REGISTRATION CARD: -- (Check Reg., Card Inf. against Loc., Ind., Inf.): .....
  (b) Emerg. Address  Angelo Morgant, (Brother-in-law) 452 Logan. St., Bristol, Pa.

III. [Slashed through] Files of soldiers dying from contagions diseases

IV. A.G.O. DISPOSITION CARD  No card in file
.....
(d) Remains to be brought to U.S.?

VI. G.R.S FILES, CORRESPONDENCE -- shows as follows:
  No request for disposition


COMPILATION OF DISPOSITION OF REMAINS DATA [2]

File #90918

V. Following advice forwarded to Europe by
  cable on ....., 192 
  letter of transmittal on  5/11/21 , 192
Section #36 Par #2 -- Not to be returned


United States Adjutant General's Office

Abstract Cards 1920-1921

(Surname) Angelillo, (Christian name) Giovanni
(Army Serial Number) 3,114,709  White
Residence: 452 Logan St., Bristol, Bucks County, Pennsylvania
Inducted at LB Bucks Co. Pa. on May 25, 1918
Place of birth: S. Angelo, Italy  Age or date of birth: May 4, 1893   
Organizations served in, with dates of assignments and transfers:
  14 Tn Bn 154 Dep Brig May 27/[19]18 to June 25/[19]18;
  Co K, 315 Inf to September 27/
[19]18

Grades, with date of appointment: Private
Engagements: Montfaucon
Served overseas from *July 9/[19]18 to *Sept 27/[19]18
Killed in action: Sept 27, 1918
Other wounds or injuries received in action: None
Person notified of death: (Name) Angelo Morganti
(Degree of relationship) brother-in-law
452 Logan Street Bristol Pa.

Remarks:

* Dates of departure from and arrival in the U.S.

Source: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA 17108 [Original image]


Application for Victory Medal
by Next of Kin

(Surname) Angelillo (Christian name in full) Giovanni (Army serial number) 3114909 (Grade and organization) Pvt. Co. L. 315 Inf., deceased
  I apply for Victory Medal with appropriate clasps for his service in the United States Army in The World War:
  Major operations participated in: Meuse-Argonne
Signature of Applicant (Next of kin) Mrs. Annie Morganti
Relationship and address Sister
  306 Jefferson Avenue
  Bristol Pa

  Date 10/1/[19]20
(Station of forwdg. or apprg. officer) R.S. 1321 Race St., Phila., Pa. (Date) October/7/1920
To the Adjutant General of the Army
Signature (1st Lt., Cav., U.S.A.) WH Little
To the Depot Officer, G.S. Depot, Phila., Pa.
  Approved for Victory Medal.  With battle clasps:
Meuse-Argonne
Defensive Sector
With clasp __ for service not entitling to battle clasp: None
Signature of Approving Officer P.C. Harris
(Rank and designation) The Adjutant General.

Source: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA


Stained-glass window, Chapel of the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery, 31 KB

Cemetery Record

PVT Giovanni Angelillo
315th Infantry, 79th Division
Interred Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery
Romagne (Meuse), France
Plot B, Row 32, Grave 13
[Photograph of Grave]

Source: American Battle Monuments Commission, Washington, D.C. 20314


Armistice Day

Veterans Day was begun in 1919 to commemorate the Armistice of 11 November 1918 that ended World War One; it was called "Armistice Day" before the 1950s. School children used to pause in the classroom on this day at 11 AM to remember "the war to end all wars". Vittoria (Valente) Angelo, who lived in Camden from 1925, remembered "The 11th month, eleventh hour, eleventh day, we had to keep silent in school, maybe for five minutes, because that's when the treaty was signed." [Veterans Day 2016]

It was like the end of the two minutes' silence on Armistice Day.
Those of us who, even though we were children, remember Armistice Day (so different from that sober, reflective V.E. day of 1945), remember it as a day out of time -- an explosion without a future. It was the Armistice only which counted ... (Graham Greene)


These publications by the American Battle Monuments Commission I have not seen:


The URL of this Web page: https://www.roangelo.net/angelo/soldiers.html
Last revised: 11 November 2014 : 2014-11-11 by Robert [Wesley] Angelo.

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